4 Stages Of Plant Growth


At seeding (21,700 plants per acre) 14 lbs of dry matter were planted. Propagation of Ferns by. After that, vine density decreases, because the plant uses more and more energy to fill the storage roots rather than to form and maintain the leaves. They are prophase, metaphase, anaphase and Telophase. These stages are: 1. The progression of crops over time is shown in the plot to the right. The same system can be used for classifying a single head or branched sunflower. For example, cauliflower will make thumb size heads and fail to develop further if hardened too severely. Every living thing goes through a cycle of four basic stages: a beginning, a growth period, reproduction, and death. Plant growth is the process by which the plant grows in size. Vegetative Growth The vegetative phase is the plant's period of maximum growth. The hypothesis that watering plants with too little or too much fertilizer will slow down plant growth is proven to be true. Animals can usually be convinced to graze stage 3 when a better alternative is not available, but you should match this time with a time of low requirement for the animal. Growth is a complex process with different organs developing, growing and dying in overlapping sequences. Where possible, they should observe the growth of flowers and vegetables that they have planted. If you are planting during the warm season, or in a warmer. C 3 plants become less efficient as the temperature increases but have higher protein quantity. Dormancy is the state in which a plant or plant part exhibits little or no growth and in which most, if not all, metabolic activity ceases for a period of time. I'll leave your other suggestion for Kathy or Rachel. mosseae, G. It is important to understand this process, as it forms the base for various disciplines,. One of the most important things a plant needs to grow well is light. growth of neighboring plants. In its 35 - 45 day life cycle, the Wisconsin Fast Plant™ rapidly passes through all the life stages of a flowering plant. Contains triacontanol used in horticulture to improve crop yield and flowering. Another major growth project that Kinder Morgan has been working on over the past few years is the Elba Island Liquefaction Plant. Marijuana growth stages are generally discussed in terms of the three main growth stages of germination, vegetative, and flowering, but there are, in fact, six stages to the cannabis plant life cycle. When plants become mature, they have to get stronger roots and an increased number of branches and leaves. in the septa. As growth slows at the end of Stage IV or in Stage V, cash becomes a manageable factor again. Cotton Growth and Development Christopher L. There are at least four levels of organizational growth recognized by management professionals; sometimes additional stages are included. Dormancy is the state in which a plant or plant part exhibits little or no growth and in which most, if not all, metabolic activity ceases for a period of time. 2,4-D is in the Growth Regulator family. Growth Stages of Wheat: Identification and Understanding Improve Crop Management Understanding growth stages of wheat is important in matching management decisions and inputs with plant development. Stage 4 lung cancer is already a close to death condition. Rainy days or low temperatures may lengthen the ripening phase, while sunny and warm days may shorten it. They are found in shoot and root tips and promote cell division, stem and root growth. A healthy plant under poor light may develop long internodes (length of stem between leaves). This phase occurs after plants are transferred to fresh medium with abundant nutrients. During the winter when moisture is adequate but temperatures are low, photosynthesis and plant growth are slow. Your plants are too young to move during the "seedling" stage, but as with the "sprouting" stage, you need to make sure your plants are provided with light and constantly moist dirt. CORN DEVELOPMENT AND KEY GROWTH STAGES Brent Bean and Carl Patrick, Extension Agronomist and Entomologist Vegetative Stage Emergence ! Coleoptile leaf (1st leaf) visible. VOCABULARY: germination photosynthesis transpiration MATERIALS: worksheet BACKGROUND: The life cycle of a plant varies depending on the individual species. It is It is refore mandatory that at this stage nitro gen should not be applied to plants in a. The 7 Stages of the Cannabis Plant Growth Cycle 1 – Germination: Between 24 Hours & 2 Weeks. Many farm operations rely on a clear understanding of the stage of crop development. It begins with leaching by water; the most easily lost and soluble carbon compounds are liberated in this process. Ashok put his plant in a sunny place and watered it twice a week. The plant life cycle starts with a seed; every seed holds a miniature plant called the embryo. The vegetative stages are numbered according to how many trifoliate leaves are present. 3 X 107 shoots can be produced from a single starting explant in a year. It is a gradual stage of growth between. Let's discuss how you can take care of your flowering cannabis and grow the best yield ever. We inspire people to plant, nurture and celebrate trees. Butterfly Larva (Caterpillar) The larva stage of the butterfly’s life cycle is a time for growth. It takes place during gametogenesis. The life cycle of a string bean plant has four stages. The next stage in growth is increase in plant size, which is the result of absorption of water and the consequent stretching of the tissues, a process which in the strict sense is not growth at all, since it involves little or no increase in the characteristic material of the plant itself. It is a gradual stage of growth between. Therefore, if a crop is too early, it's much better to drop the greenhouse temperature before plants reach market stage than to sleeve and box lilies and place in cold storage. This, however, is not the only way to classify plants. The four growth stages of a tomato plant are establishment, growth, flowering and ripening. From the graph of the above data one can see that the increase in plant mass was more than the mass lost by the soil. Development of the reproductive plant flowering pollination fertilization 4. Plants also need phosphorus, a component of nucleic acids, phospholipids, and several proteins. This bud stage can tolerate 24 to 27⁰F (-4. Russia’s State-Owned Nuclear Giant Is Targeting Africa for its Growth Paul Burkhardt. There are 12 distinct growth stages (GS) in the development of a flax plant (see Fig. Though drought-stressed plants may have a higher concentration of essential oils, the total yield sometimes is lower because conditions reduce growth and the amount of harvestable plant material. all of the above 3. The Flowering Stage Of Cannabis Week By Week. The terms describing these developmental stages record the morphological appearance of the plant at a specific point in its life cycle. In the Corn Belt, including Kansas, corn is an integral component to the success of agriculture. Other factors that determine the growth rate and stage of a tree are environmental issues such as the climate zone that you are in or any insect damage to the tree. Create several activities using all the plant and seed words that they have learned. 2 Illustrate ways in which seeds are dispersed. The lower temperatures in early spring also affect the existence of other organisms so C 3 need nitrogen in the spring because of low microbial action in the soil. They return two other times to the farm to see the various stages of the plant's growth and at the end, are excited to eat the peas that they had planted in the spring. Conjugates of IAA and synthetic auxins such as 2,4-D can not be destroyed by this activity. growth of neighboring plants. Phases of Growth of Plants. In annual plants, senescence may start during the reproductive stage and plant death sets in soon after seed maturity which marks the end of irreversible growth. • Development is the sum of two processes: growth and differentiation. Phase A is the lag phase. Additionally, water use in agriculture is often highly inefficient with only a fraction of the water diverted for agriculture effectively used for plant growth, with the rest drained or lost via. When determining the growth stage of your crop, consider that a growth stage begins when 50% or more of the plants are in or beyond that stage. • Since all plant enzymes are made of proteins, N is. Description: Some of the corollas are completely expanded and open. This light and dark cycle is called the photoperiod. Plant growth and development are mediated by specific plant hormones and plant growth regulators (PGRs) (Ross et al. Plant Growth Observation Chart Introduction Copy this chart on one side of the blackboard or on a large sheet of paper to use as an ongoing record of daily observations for the three plant groups. Nutrient functions • N is biologically combined with C, H, O, and S to create amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins. A mature plant is an adult plant that is fully grown. ) the growth in diameter of the trees. Also the growth rate of the young plant as it is affected by light intensity and temperature influences the fertility requirement of the plants. Plants Growth and Development (explained with diagram)! Growth can be defined as an irreversible permanent increase in size of an organ or its parts or even of an individual cell. The reproductive (R) stages begin at flowering and include pod development, seed development, and plant maturation. Germination. It is in this stage that resinous buds develop and your hard work will be realized. Fertile soil contains the nutrients in a readily available form that plants require for growth. Soybean growth stages are divided into two different broad stages depending on plant development. Leo put his plant in sunny place but forgot to water it. The C 4 cycle is depicted here in an overview as occurring in two adjacent cells with material passing symplastically between them through plasmodesmata. This stage can be conducted in the production greenhouse or at the tissue culture lab's greenhouse. Temperature and flowering. Adjustable design, it has a USB connector. This has opened in a separate window - just exit to return to the Science page. As the stem emerges they can be easily seen from above but are still not free of the leaves; this is described as the green bud stage. The chromosome line up in the center of the cell. Little has been re-ported about soybean sensitivity to clopyralid at different growth stages. are influenced by the temperature. Inoculation of seed is not required, but using a cowpea strain (EL-type) can be advantageous for growth (FAO, 2012). Stage 4 lung cancer is already a close to death condition. Birds go from the egg, to the chick, to the adult. The pistils will still be white at this stage and sticking straight out from the buds. The vegetative stage lasts about two to four weeks for most indoor strains and will be completed in the third to fifth month of growth depending on the marijuana strain and grow room conditions. The first of these critical stages is emergence. The smell will not be too bad at this stage of the grow and the plant will continue to develop during this week. The plant’s life cycle starts with germination of the seed. The basic life cycle of a plant can be broken down into four major stages: An emergence from seed. Growing Plants 2 Flash. Here it does not involve increase in the number of parts. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. By week 3 most plants will start to show their sex. In most mammals the stages of life go from the fertilized egg, to the fetus, the juvenile, and then to the adult. Man has taken the cotton plant for granted, enjoying its benefits without fully understanding its growth. list and describe growth of plants without seeds 8. The ripening phase starts at flowering and ends when the rain is mature and ready to be harvested. However, cotton can withstand as much as 75% defoliation before the third true leaf stage without impacting yield, although maturity may be delayed. ) a major change in an abiotic factor (2. The larva, also known as a caterpillar, spends its time eating and growing. These stages are, seed, germination, leaf growth, and flowering. Using Plant Observation Worksheet, students describe and observe the growth of a plant to learn about the life cycle of a plant. The transitions between these stages are not always sharp and clear. Stage 4 Stages of graft union formation Stage 3. Corn plants all have the same general development steps; however, the time between stages and the total number of leaves on a plant can vary. 3 in durum wheat, and 0. The manufacturers claim it has no harmful effects on the duration of the mitosis cycle, metabolism or energy processes, but it however causes stress to the plant. It's that simple. This marks the transition between the seed bursting into life and the plant itself actually being planted. I hope this helped clear it up. Identify similarities and differences between life cycles of different organisms. Many plants require a cold treatment to induce flowering. Description: Some of the corollas are completely expanded and open. It takes place during gametogenesis. Basic knowledge of the botanical features of alfalfa, its growth patterns, and its developmental stages are keys to better management of a healthy, productive stand. In the growth phase you pave the way for a good harvest and this will determine the final size and yield of the plants. STAGING IS CRITICAL Proper plant growth staging is critical to optimize PGR performance and with some products, ensure crop safety. The pistils will still be white at this stage and sticking straight out from the buds. Production of secondary xylem and. Grade Level: First Grade , Second Grade , Third Grade , Fourth Grade , Fifth Grade. The other flowering plants all have two cotyledons. Main growth stages were planting (direct seeding), emergence, vine tip over, flowering, and fruit harvest. In its 35 - 45 day life cycle, the Wisconsin Fast Plant™ rapidly passes through all the life stages of a flowering plant. Plant Staging of Field Pea. The manufacturers claim it has no harmful effects on the duration of the mitosis cycle, metabolism or energy processes, but it however causes stress to the plant. This stage usually takes 30 days. 2 Most plants start their lives as a tiny seed. While the theories that adverse environmental condi-tions or disruption of the soybean plant’s hormonal. This characteristic is often used for identification of the plant during its early stages of growth. The final stage of the plant life cycle is the seed dispersal. C-3 may be oxidized in addition to C-2 resulting in dioxindole-3-acetic acid. The vegetative stage lasts about two to four weeks for most indoor strains and will be completed in the third to fifth month of growth depending on the marijuana strain and grow room conditions. Growth may begin when the soil temperature is 40-45 degrees F (4. By week 3 most plants will start to show their sex. Growth Stages. Or the cells engaged in growth may be widely distributed throughout the body of the organism, as in the human embryo. leaf, stem, and root parts waiting for the right time to grow B. Stage 4-Emergence of the radicle and growth of the seedling to determine if the environment was having a detrimental effect on plant growth by causing early. Wind and Clouds. The most important thing is to make sure you give your marijuana plants the right amounts of nutrients at the right time. disrupted the soybean plant’s hormonal balance and resulted in the cupped leaves; or the soybean plant somehow has been exposed to one of the plant growth regulator (PGR) herbicides used primarily in corn. Some of these land on the embryo dune, where they can germinate and develop. Understanding barley growth and development is essential for profitable production. These stages make up what we call the life cycle. Each time an insect makes a change into the next growth stage, it has to molt (shed) its skin. Long before they were used as painkillers, opiates were used to control diarrhea. Plants Growth and Development (explained with diagram)! Growth can be defined as an irreversible permanent increase in size of an organ or its parts or even of an individual cell. However, it is easier to think of it as a series of growth stages as in the Zadoks scale. For example, when the crop reaches three fully unfolded leaves (Z13) it begins to tiller (Z20), before it has completed 4. They reproduce by spores - tiny, lightweight “seeds”-. Another early process is physical breakup or fragmentation of the plant material into smaller bits which have greater surface area for microbial colonization and attack. barley plant and the factors that influence growth and development, and to identify the growth stages of the plant. Physical conditions in embryo dunes are harsh. Each year annual plants, germinate, become established and proceed through vegetative and reproductive stages (Figure 4). The objective of this study was to determine how the intensity of intra and interspecific competition changes during early stages of plant growth. For example, the business will require a different strategy when it comes to market penetration, business development, and retaining market share. Businesses who are focusing on organic growth may buy a larger storefront or expand shifts to manufacture more product. This the second stage of a plant and. Now that the root system can support growth, Third Stage - Reproductive, Flowering and Fruit. Periodically check soil water at different depths within the root zone and at different growth stages to avoid stressing the crop during critical growth stages. You’ll always want to pay close attention to your plants, but be especially careful to do this in the early stages of growth. Mildew (mold in early stage) and molds grow on wood products, ceiling tiles, cardboard, wallpaper, carpets, drywall, fabric, plants, foods, insulation, decaying leaves and other organic materials. This psychology makes broader generalizations, so open your mind to thinking in terms of patterns over decades of time. The bloom stages can tolerate 25 to 28⁰F (-4 to -2. Staging Older Plants. NC Forage and Pasture Technical Note No. " Distinguish between the primary and secondary plant body. while the seed must be planted on farmland, the fruit will appear on dirt, farmland or grass. Marijuana goes through many stages during its growth cycle. Little has been re-ported about soybean sensitivity to clopyralid at different growth stages. fasciculatus and a mixture of them) on growth and biochemical status of four grapevine varieties (Shahroodi, Asgari, Keshmeshi and Khalili) was investigated under greenhouse conditions. 3 in barley, 0. Aquatic insects found in lakes, streams, and ponds have juvenile and adult stages that are both morphologically distinct and occupy different habitats. During germination, the bean seed has four distinct stages of development. The C 4 cycle is depicted here in an overview as occurring in two adjacent cells with material passing symplastically between them through plasmodesmata. As explained by the U. Also contained within the seed coat is a small nutrient supply. This is a really exciting stage because it is when your marijuana 4 –. In soils and in conventional nutrient solutions, establishing the internal and external boron (B) requirements of plants is often confounded because the external B conce. Feekes growth stage 4-5 is an optimal time to make. A descriptive system has been developed to describe the growth stage of a soybean plant. In plants, the roots continue to grow as they search for water and nutrients. • Since all plant enzymes are made of proteins, N is. At this point, perennial plants are generally dormant and annual plants have died. Show students the video The lifecycle of monarch. During this stage you do not need to feed your roses, but you will want to cut out any undesirable growth that may be obstructing the path of a rose that looks really promising. The growth process is enhanced by the nutrients and the light energy that is used during photosynthesis. High air temperature reduces the growth of shoots and in turn reduces root growth. The average increase in plant mass over 14 days was 3. Do plants need soil for growth? 1 Investigating plant growth 13 Activity 1. Most of the higher plants produce fruits which also bear the seeds. After the wheat plant finishes forming tillers, it begins elogation of its internodes or the stem extension stage of growth. Seed germination: definition and reviews. During Phase 4 growth has stopped, seed heads have matured and seed starts to fall. The most potent time to harvest is when trichome formations turn from clear or milky to amber to reddish brown in color. Growing cannabis from a seed into a mature plant involves a number of steps. Learn about all the life stages of a tree. Plant part: Flower. While the specifics can get more complicated, teaching kindergarten students the basics of the plant life cycle is not difficult. These will look different to the embryonic cotyledons. Humboldt Roots is a highly concentrated organic root stimulant that expands the root zone during the critical growth stage. The vegetative stage lasts about two to four weeks for most indoor strains and will be completed in the third to fifth month of growth depending on the marijuana strain and grow room conditions. Herbicide Active Ingredient Index:. Growth Stages. 3 inches of water per day. When one tiller appears, the growth stage is the first tiller stage. Algae-based Wastewater Treatment. It is a reductional cell division. Organic growth focuses on producing more products, services, and space for business success. Plant life cycle is always a fun science unit. Businesses focused on growing organically need to literally expand to accommodate their needs. Some of the old bottom leaves may drop off. This article includes the daily documentation of the growth of my hosta plant, with photos and other observations, from when it started sprouting in the spring until its full growth, a little over a month later. Long before they were used as painkillers, opiates were used to control diarrhea. The companies in Stage III need to recognize the financial needs and risk entailed in a move to Stage IV. “Plant Life Cycle & Soil Properties” Page 1 of 59 CURRICULUM GUIDE FOR Plant Life Cycle & Soil Properties (Based on the STC Plant Growth and Development Kit) Wallingford Public Schools Third Grade Science Author(s): Kristen Dietrichsen, Grade 3-4 teacher Rock Kill; Keri Panichas, Grade 3-4 teacher. On the other hand metal halide lights are best suited to later stages of growth, especially when the plants begin to flower. All the ornamental plant species were found to be mycorrhizal but the magnitude of infection varied with the sites, plants species as well as stages of plant growth. A seed is a plant embryo enclosed in a seed coat that is usually hard and tough. Spreading Seeds. germination, seedling growth and acid phosphatase activities in Romaine and Vista. sugar chemical transmitters homeostasis tropism 13. Soybean Growth Stages This identification system divides plant development into vegetative (V) and reproductive (R) stages. Learn The Six Plant Growth Stages Plants' lives may be as short as a few weeks or months, but they go through distinct changes as they grow just as people do. These seeds are the sources of growth and development for our spiritual lives. Four stages of growing. For example, Status® can be applied only after corn is 4 inches tall, and Capreno® can be applied only after the V1 growth stage. Decomposition of plant matter occurs in many stages. Mitosis includes Karyokinesis and Cytokinesis. Elongated leaflet associated with preplant 2,4-D application with sprayer malfunction resulting in excessive rate. Rainy days or low temperatures may lengthen the ripening phase, while sunny and warm days may shorten it. The speed of the growth of the plant depends mostly on how much energy the plant produces. This means all plants grown under a T5 fixture receive the same amount of light energy. Life Stages of a Plant. Plant growth regulators function as chemical messengers for intercellular communication. While the specifics can get more complicated, teaching kindergarten students the basics of the plant life cycle is not difficult. Crop water use, also known as evapotranspiration (ET), is the water used by a crop for growth and cooling purposes. Every seed is a tiny baby plant embryo. With the arrival of spring, photosynthesis and plant growth rates increase. Immature stages resemble the adults except in size. Ripening phase. These are separate, individual plants, though the vascular plant gametophyte is so highly derived (little more than a blob of tissue) that you may never see one and recognize it. The seedling stage of cannabis follows on from germination. When determining the growth stage of a sunflower field, the average development of a large number of plants. At that stage the foliage of the crop looks most lush. The larva, also known as a caterpillar, spends its time eating and growing. Let's discuss how you can take care of your flowering cannabis and grow the best yield ever. Many flowers are still closed. The growth pattern of the leafy shoot and inflorescence demonstrated a monocarpic plant growth habit with the remobilization of photoassimilates from senescing plant parts to developing true flowers that caused whole-plant senescence. THE PLANT EATS FROM THE SEED LEAF Germination is when the roots grow down and the stem grows up. During germination, the bean seed has four distinct stages of development. Seed should be sown 1 to 2 inches deep in early summer at 50 lb/acre (TJAI, 2010), or roughly 4–8 plants per row foot (TJAI,. As corn plants develop, the lower few leaves typically die or are torn away from the stem by the expansion of the stalk or by developing roots. Stages of Growth in Plants: The growth of an entire plant or only of a plant organ characteristically passes through stages represented by a S-shaped curve. To introduce students to the stages of human growth and development that take place during infancy and early childhood. varieties of the same vegetable, meter stick, planting trowel, 1/4-cup measure, and a bucket of water. These so-called meso-stages enable distinction between seedlings and field plants in Principal Growth Stage 1, ground and upper stalk suckers in Principal Growth Stage 2, stem. These stages are illustrated by photographs. Plant Pathol. The marijuana vegetative stage is when your plant develops from a seedling and prepares to grow the flowers you eventually smoke. Dormancy is the state in which a plant or plant part exhibits little or no growth and in which most, if not all, metabolic activity ceases for a period of time. The companies in Stage III need to recognize the financial needs and risk entailed in a move to Stage IV. Four cultigens were chosen to represent a range of types. Children can then observe changes as the seeds begin to sprout and grow over time and record their observations on the free printable recording sheet!. 3 Record observations in diagrammatic form and interpret simple diagrams. Determining the sex of marijuana plants. A SEED IS THE BEGINING OF NEW LIFE FOR A PLANT. Most short season wheat will typically produce 7-8 leaves on the main stem before stem elongation occurs. Purchasing potted plants gives your flower garden a faster start and it may be the only way to get a particular variety. Stages of Plant Growth DRAFT. This has 10 main stages, labelled 0 to 9, which describe the crop. Each section in this booklet focuses on a single stage of the Wisconsin Fast Plants™ life cycle. In plants, there are two main life cycle stages, the sporophyte (diploid) and the gametophyte (haploid). There are numerous factors affecting the growth stage including where the fire started, what combustibles are near it, ceiling height and the potential for “thermal layering”. Each day, compare the growth of the three plants. To better understand the effects of time of cut-ting, it is helpful to review some principles of alfalfa growth and development (see. The scale does not run chronologically from Z00 to Z99. For you, as a professional grower, this is the most important part of growing marijuana. There are 12 distinct growth stages (GS) in the development of a flax plant (see Fig. through V(n) where (n) represents the number for the last node stage of a specific variety. Growth stages of plants = Entwicklungsstadien von Pflanzen: Responsibility: edited by Uwe Meier ; Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry (Editor) = Entwicklungsstadien mono- und dikotyler Pflanzen / bearbeitet von Uwe Meier ; Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft (Herausgeber). Watering can be automated to some degree with simple and cheap drip system apparatus, so take advantage of this when possible. Some of the old bottom leaves may drop off. Every living thing goes through a cycle of four basic stages: a beginning, a growth period, reproduction, and death. Maximum number of stems was produced by T3 (ECC application after three weeks of sowing) while minimum was produced by T4. With water, right temperature and right location, the seed grows. Maximizing early vegetative growth is essential to getting the plant off to a good start, and this includes preserving the integrity of early leaves and the terminal growth. Four stages of financial growth Plants Growing infographic with planting process of carrot. Plant Disease & Diagnosis Services. Plants and animals have life cycles that include the beginning of life, growth and development, reproduction and. High temperature at 38º C in rice reduced plant height, root elongation and smaller roots. Most plants continue to grow as long as they live. The stage of plant growth doesn't matter, as it's the soil you're applying the effect to and not the plant itself. The flowering stage is the final stage of growth for a cannabis plant. Plants actually grow in 6 stages. I attributed that to accelerated plant growth and limited water availability. 11th grade. Each section in this booklet focuses on a single stage of the Wisconsin Fast Plants™ life cycle. Sprouts are like young children that need lots of energy to grow. 3 X 107 shoots can be produced from a single starting explant in a year. In plants, there are two main life cycle stages, the sporophyte (diploid) and the gametophyte (haploid). Plant Growth And Development Growth is the process by which a plant increases in the number and size of leaves and stems. Create several activities using all the plant and seed words that they have learned. , T3 and T6 and minimum number of leaves was observed in T4. However, there are a lot of things they can do in order to survive longer while fighting against it. To encourage growth of desirable vegetation, let these species set seed before mowing, but be sure to mow well before starthistle is in full flower. The system most commonly used was developed by Fehr and Caviness (1977). Incorporate the study of flora across your curriculum with art, math, and English resources for all ages. Aquatic insects found in lakes, streams, and ponds have juvenile and adult stages that are both morphologically distinct and occupy different habitats. Plants Worksheets.